I hope you all have heard of the USERRA. It stands for Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act and it was enacted so that folks in uniform who had to go away for Military duty would not be fired from a job because of it. Because Title 14 states that laws and regulations that cover the Coast Guard do not apply to the Auxiliary unless they specifically say so, that means that because the Aux. are not specifically in the USERRA, you may not get anything out of it.
"So what?" Well, here's the lay of the land on that. You have to make sure that younger folks who ask about joining the Aux. are aware of this little detail. It's not so much that they have 'manditory' or 'compulsory' duty, it's that if they are kept away from work for some reason, due to their service, they may get fired from their 'day' job.
Again you may say "So what?" all duty is voluntary.
Well, that's true and it isn't. The first thing I can point out is that if you are involuntarily injured while assigned to duty and keeps you from work, you can be fired.
Yup, If you go out on a Sunday patrol on the water or in the air or even if you just go and participate in a radio drill and somehow get hurt, the Coast Guard will cover your medical expenses but Uncle Sam stops short of telling your mean old boss to let you keep your job. Your individual state might have a law about this (possibly to protect Volunteer Firefighters or something like that) but the USERRA probably won't cover you.
It gets even more complicated. If you are assigned to duty and for whatever reason you are working at an active duty station or facility and the O in C or the Commanding Officer tells you you have to stay, you have to stay. The fact that you are a volunteer doesn't mean you can bail out like you can when you're on an auxiliary boat patrol. It's rare but it happened to some folks in my unit just last year. They flew to Elizabeth City for a conference and even though the weather was predicted to go bad the station commander would not let them leave. They had to stay overnight (expenses were covered) because of this.
Now, it happened to be a Saturday and no one had to be at work that next morning but the gist of it is that the commander was within his rights to insist that everyone stay at the seminar, even though it meant that they would probably not get home until some time the next day. There's more to this story but it's not part of this discussion.
This can happen on a boating mission too. If the active duty folks overseeing an Aux. mission deem it too unsafe for you to go home while you're on the water they can order you to the nearest safe harbor until they deem it safe. That's just the way it is. In fact, the Coast Guard can do that to any boat on the water if they deem a voyage manifestly unsafe but that's another issue.
So, you end up in a safe harbor and there you stay unless you happen to be able to get a ride. If you miss work the next day be careful and very polite to your boss. If you can, call him or her as soon as you think you have a problem and don't ever try to 'throw' weight around as if Uncle Sam and the USERRA would protect you because it probably won't. Politeness however may go a long way and most companies would rather avoid firing a good employee anyway. On top of that, what company wants to get the bad publicity of firing a man or woman in uniform who's lying in a hospital bed.
These circumstances are rare. Really rare but not impossible. Many of us have faced the possibility of injury while assigned to duty and if a prospective member asks, we have to be honest with him or her. They'll be taken care of for their medical bills but maybe not for their job. Check with your local laws and if you have a friend who's an attorney, maybe ask him or her also.